Friday, August 16, 2013

1. Interim maint granted even cases where husband files NULL &Void!! 2. Appeals only NO writs agnst S24 HMA orders : Allahabd HC ; can some one please tell me IF this judgement has been overruled ? or is it still the case in UP/ Allahabad ??

 
1. Interim maint granted even cases where husband files NULL &Void!! 

2. Appeals only NO writs agnst S24 HMA orders : Allahabd HC ; 

can some one please tell me IF this judgement has been overruled ? or is it still the case in UP/ Allahabad ??
  

**************************************************************
  
The Hon HC states "....Unless the marriage is held to be void by a competent court of law the relationship of husband and wife would continue and the spouse who does not have sufficient source of income would, normally, be entitled for interim maintenance as well as litigation expenses. We hold that application filed by the appellant wife under Section 24 of the Act during the pendency of the petition under Section 12 of the Act filed by the respondent husband was maintainable and was liable to be decided by the Additional Judge, Family Court, Allahabad on merits....."
  
***************************************************************
  
ALLAHABAD HIGH COURT
  
Smt. Kabita Gupta W/O Sri Subhas ... vs Sri Subhas Kumar Gupta S/O Sri ... on 16 November, 2006
  
Equivalent citations: II (2007) DMC 174
  
Bench: V Sahai, S Yadav
  
JUDGMENT
  
V.M. Sahai and Sabhajeet Yadav, JJ.
  
1. The parties are Hindu and were married on 22.11.2002 at Allahabad. The wife came to the husband's house on 23.11.2002. After about four months of marriage the husband filed a petition on 24.4.2003 under Section 12 of the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 (in brief the Act) for declaring the marriage to be null and void. The appellant, wife on 10.11.2004 filed an application under Section 24 of the Act for litigation expenses and interim maintenance against the respondent, husband. The application filed by the appellant under Section 24 of the Act had been dismissed by the Additional Judge, Family Court, Allahabad on 20.5.2006 as it does not lie. This order is under challenge in the present appeal.
  
2. With the consent of learned Counsel for the parties given on 9.11.2006, this appeal is being finally heard. We have heard Sri Rajesh, learned Counsel for the appellant and Sri Amit Kumar assisted by Smt. Renu Rajat, learned ; counsel for the respondent. Learned Counsel for the appellant has urged that the application filed by the wife under Section 24 of the Act was maintainable and the appellant was entitled for Interim maintenance as well as litigation expenses. On the other hand, learned Counsel for the respondent has urged J that this first appeal is not maintainable under Section 19(1) of the Family Courts Act, 1984 (In brief the F.C. Act) as it challenges the validity of the order dated 20.5.2006 passed by the Family Court, Allahabad which is an interlocutory order which can be challenged only In a writ petition. He has placed reliance on a decision of this Court inMadhu Mishra alias Guriya v. Additional Judge Family Court Allahabad and Anr. 2006(9) Allahabad Dally Judgments 357 (All). He has further urged that in proceedings under Section 12 of the Act, interim maintenance under Section 24 of the Act could not be granted. 
  
3. The first question is whether this first appeal filed by the appellant under Section 19(1) of the F.C. Act is maintainable against the order dated 20.5.2006 passed by the Additional Judge, Family Court, Allahabad under Section 24 of the Act? The learned Counsel for the respondent has vehemently urged that against the order passed under Section 24 of the Act, no appeal would lie under Section 19(1) of the F.C. Act, and only a writ petition would be maintainable under Article 226 and 227 of the Constitution. He strongly relied on the decision inMadhu Mishra's case (supra). We have gone through this decision. The learned Single Judge while arriving at the conclusion that an appeal would not lie under Section 19(1) of the F.C. Act and writ petition would be maintainable has placed reliance on a Division Bench decision of this Court in Ravi Saran Prasad alias Kishore v. Smt Rashmi Singh wherein it has been held that an order passed under Section 24 of the Act was an interlocutory order, therefore, an appeal under Section 19(1) of the F.C. Act would not be maintainable. Similar view was taken by this Court in Smt Pratima Sen Gupta v. Sajal Sen Gupta1998 (16) LCD 346. This Court in an earlier division bench decision in Avadhesh Naraln Srivastava v. Archana Srivastava 1990 (8) LCD 66 has held that an appeal against the I order passed under Section 24 of the Act would be maintainable under Section 19(1) of the F.C. Act. Since there were conflicting views of the aforesaid - division benches about the maintainability of an appeal under Section 19(1) of the F.C Act where an order under Section 24 of the Act was challenged, a reference was made to a larger bench. The Full Bench in Smt Klran Bala Srivastava v. Jai Prakash Srivastava2005(23) LCD 1 has resolved the conflict. While answering the question, referred to it, whether an appeal under Section 19(1) of the F.C. Act would lie against an order passed under Section 24 of the Act for grant of Interim maintenance In the affirmative, the Full Bench in paragraph 30 held as under:
  
"....We agree with the view taken by the Division Bench in Avadhesh Naraln Srlvastava's case. Since orders under Section 24, granting pendente lite maintenance is a judgment, so appeal will lie under Sub-section (1) of Section 19 of the Act of 1984....."
  
4. The law has been settled by the Full Bench that an appeal under Section 19(1) of the F.C Act would lie against an order granting pendente lite maintenance under Section 24 of the Act. Similarly, where pendente lite maintenance is refused even then an appeal would lie under Section 19(1) of the F.C Act The Full Bench has held the division bench decisions in Ravi Seran Prasad and Smt Pratima Sen Gupta to be per incuriam as the decision in Avadhesh Narain's case was not considered. It appears that this Full Bench decision was not brought to the notice of the learned Single Judge which decided Madhu Mishra's case, thus, it cannot be said to be good law as the decision was rendered in teeth of the Full Bench decision in Smt. Kiran Bala Srivastava. We hold that against an order passed under Section 24 of the Act an appeal would lie under Section 19(1) of the F.C. Act and since a remedy is available to the aggrieved party, under Section 19(1) of the F.C. Act, the writ petition, In such circumstances, would not be maintainable. The decision inMadhu Mishra's case is overruled. http://evinayak.tumblr.com/ ; http://vinayak.wordpress.com/   
  
5. The next question Is whether an application under Section 24 of the Act would lie in proceedings under Section 12 of the Act? It is not disputed by the parties that they were married on 22.11.2002 at Allahabad and on 24.4.2003 the husband had filed a petition under Section 12 of the Act for declaring the marriage null and void. During its pendency the wife moved an application under Section 24 of the Act for grant of interim maintenance as well as litigation expenses. The court below has held that it does not lie by its order dated 20.5.2006 which is extracted below:
  
".........Section 24 H.M.A. does not lie at this stage as the case relates to declaration of marriage void. O.P. is directed to file W.S. on 8.7.2006........"
  
6. The application under Section 24 of the Act has been dismissed as it does not lie. In other words the court below on 20.5.2006 has held the application under Section 24 of the Act to be not maintainable as the case was for declaring the marriage void. The principle on which Section 24 has been enacted is to provide necessary finances to the needy spouse so that she may be able to maintain herself and contest the case during the pendency of the proceedings. Grant of maintenance under Section 24 of the Act is not connected with the main proceedings under Section 12 for declaration of marriage null and void. The scope of proceedings under Section 12 and 24 of the Act are different. A refusal of maintenance to wife under Section 24 has serious repercussions and maintenance is provided for her survival during the pendency of the main proceedings under the Act. In our opinion, while rejecting the application the court was required to record reasons. Since no reasons have been recorded, the impugned order is liable to be set aside. Section 11 provides for void marriages and Section 12 provides for voidable marriages. It lays down that any marriage solemnized before or after commencement of the Act shall be void ab initio and may be annulled by a decree on any of the grounds mentioned in Section 12 of the Act. Unless the marriage is held to be void by a competent court of law the relationship of husband and wife would continue and the spouse who does not have sufficient source of income would, normally, be entitled for interim maintenance as well as litigation expenses. We hold that application filed by the appellant wife under Section 24 of the Act during the pendency of the petition under Section 12 of the Act filed by the respondent husband was maintainable and was liable to be decided by the Additional Judge, Family Court, Allahabad on merits, therefore, the order dated 20.5.2006 passed by the Additional Judge, Family Court, Allahabad cannot be maintained and is liable to be set aside.
  
7. In the result, this appeal succeeds and is allowed. The order dated 20.5.2006 passed by the Additional Judge, Family Court, Allahabad is set aside ; and the matter is remanded back to the court below. The Principal Judge, Family Court, Allahabad is directed to hear and decide himself the application under Section 24 of the Hindu Marriage Act afresh on merits after hearing the parties.
  
8. Office is directed to send the record of the lower court within a week.
  
9. The appellant shall be entitled to her costs.
  
*****************************disclaimer**********************************
This judgment and other similar judgments posted on this blog was / were collected from Judis nic in website and / or other websites of Govt. of India or other internet web sites like worldlii or indiankanoon. Some notes are made by Vinayak. This is a free service provided by Vinayak (pen name). Vinayak is a member of SIF - Save Indian Family Foundation. SIF is committed to fighting FALSE dowry cases and elder abuse. SIF supports gender equality and a fair treatment of law abiding Indian men. Should you find the dictum in this judgment or the judgment itself repealed or amended or would like to make improvements or comments, please post a comment on the comment section of the blog or write to e _ vinayak @ yahoo . com (please remove spaces). Vinayak is NOT a lawyer and nothing in this blog and/or site and/or file should be considered as legal advise.
 
******************************************************************
CASE FROM INDIAN KANOON WEB SITE 
******************************************************************
  



***

FOLLOW 
@ATMwithDick on twitter or 
http://evinayak.tumblr.com/ (recent blog so recent cases ) 
FOR 100s of high court and supreme court cases


regards

Vinayak
Father of a lovely daughter, criminal in the eyes of a wife, son of an compassionate elderly mother, old timer who hasn't given up, Male, activist